Rhode Island, Illinois and New Jersey have violets as their state flowers. There are more than 400 to 500 hundred species of violets in the world, but the violet flowers are native from Northern Hemisphere. The most common place where you can find them is slightly shaded and very moist.
Most of the violet flowers are small perennial plants, but some of them are annual plants, and another part of them are small shrubs.
The violet flowers are part of the kingdom plantae, division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Malpighiales, family Violaceae and genus Viola.
Usually, these flowers have heart-shaped leaves and also asymmetrical flowers. The most popular color as their name says is violet, but the violet flowers have also colors like blue, yellow, white and cream.
The first information about violets is that the Greeks were cultivating them in 500 BC or earlier. They were using violets as natural remedies, to make wine, to make the food sweeter and at festivals. Also, the Greeks consider this type of flowers a symbol of fertility and love. It has been said that they used this flower in love potions.
Violets are used in medicines as a laxative and the flowers as decorations in jellies but don’t eat too much even they are edible.
Saintpaulia is a genus that includes African violets that are not considered to be true violets. The difference between the true violets and the African violets are:
* African violets are houseplants, true violets are outdoor plants.
* African violets have fleshy downy leaves and produce 5 petaled flowers in the summer; true violets have heart shaped leaves, smooth or hairy.
You can easily plant your own violets from their seeds or root cuttings.
The best place for growing your violet flowers is a shaded place under a deciduous tree that will keep your plant safe in the winter and will allow the light to touch it.
The perfect soil is one well-drained, very rich, but you can also add some compost for a better result. Plant your violet flowers with a distance of 4 to 8 inches between them. Add some mulch to keep their roots cooler. Don’t over water it.
When it comes for the caring of violets you should know that it’s better to put the seeds individual to germinate and then take them outdoor in the summer. You have to extra moisture them in the dry weather and a tip to do that is to spray them with a hose. Fertilize it to get better blooming.
Violets Pictures Gallery