The anemone flower is lovely, delicate and has a poetic common name – windflower. Anemones dance atop slender stems and can be found in pink, rose or white. Anemone is a genus of 120 species of flowering plants part of the Ranunculaceae family. The flower is native to temperate zones and depending on the type it blooms in summer, spring or throughout fall. The name comes from the Greek anemone which means daughter of the wind. According to Ovid, the plant was created by Venus when she poured nectar on the blood of Adonis, her dead lover.
Anemones are perennials plants with basal leaves, long leaf-stems and simple or compound leaves with parted, undivided or lobed leaf blades. The margins of the leaves are entire or toothed. The anemone flower has 4-27 sepals produced in umbels or in cymes of 2-9 flowers. The pistils have one ovule and the flowers have nectaries. Anemones have ovoid to obovoid fruits gathered in a tight cluster. Many anemone species have sessile clusters terminating the stems.
The anemone flower is one of the most popular garden plants, as it delights with its colors from early spring into autumn. There are three main groups of cultivars: spring-flowering species such as A. blanda and A. nemorosa, summer- and autumn-flowering species which thrive in shady areas such as A. hupehensis and spring- and summer-flowering species adapted to hot, dry areas such as A. coronaria. A. coronaria, also known as the poppy anemone, is one of the best known summer anemones. It is a tuberous-rooted plant with large showy poppylike blossoms and parsleylike divided leaves.
The anemone flower requires a loamy soil fertilized with well-rotted manure dug in below the tubers. You can plant anemones in October and in January for succession, so they will flower in May and June. When the leaves have ripened you should take them into a dry room until it is planting time. Anemones are easily raised from seeds and are a valuable addition to a garden. They thrive in full sun or partial shade and in a well-drained, slightly acid soil. The best harvest time is early in the morning while it is cold outside and the bloom is still closed. They open when placed in room temperature water, away from direct sunlight. Blooms can be acquired from florists between November and June.
Before planting the anemone bulbs, soak them for a few hours in warm water. Prepare the soil and design your planting layout. Next, dig holes and plant them 1-2” down in any position, as they can figure up which way is up and grow. After planting, water the anemones and settle the soil around the bulbs.